What Is Publication Ethics?

Author

Author: Lisa
Published: 1 Dec 2021

Publication Ethics: A Standard for Scientific Research

Publication ethics are generally agreed upon when publishing results of scientific research. It is a standard that protects intellectual property and forbids the re-publication of another's work without proper credit. It forbids the use of plagiarism. Data and information published as original must be.

Editorial Board Meeting on Authorship Order

The order of authors is determined by the extent of involvement. The first author and corresponding author can sometimes be a reason for discontentment. It is always a good idea for the study team to have a meeting and sort out the issues of authorship at the time of the study, and ideally enter into a contract to allocate different roles to authors according to their order of authorship.

The guidelines and steps to be taken are provided by the COPE. The first step of the editorial board is contacting authors and telling them that their conduct has been identified. The paper is rejected if the authors acknowledge their fault and the leadership in the institution is informed.

If the paper is already published, authors have the chance to self- confess in the journal. The editor can take the paper out if the major misconduct is confirmed. Sometimes, intentionally and occasionally, unethical practices are used by authors.

Editorial Standards and Practices for Medical Journal

The WAME was established in 1995 by a group of ICMJE members. The goal was to improve editorial standards, promote professionalism in medical editing, and encourage research on the principals and practice of medical editing. WAME is a tool to facilitate worldwide cooperation among editors of peer-reviewed medical journal.

All decision-making editors of peer-reviewed journals are eligible to join WAME. WAME has more than 1830 members and over 1000 journals. Scientific misconduct is the violation of the standard codes of scholarly conduct and ethical behavior.

Misconduct in the scientific publication process is considered unethical. Falsification or fabrication of data is a grave form of scientific misconduct, where authors manipulate skewed data to look favorable or generate data where no data exists. Plagiarism, misappropriation of the ideas of others, improprieties of authorship, duplicate publications, and non-declaration of COI are some of the forms of scientific misconduct.

Scientific misconduct includes conducting research without consent and not keeping data confidentiality. Senior investigators may give their colleagues a piece of their mind for encouraging collaborations or for repayment of favors. The practice of giving or guest authorship is not acceptable in publication.

The opinion of clinicians, academicians, and politicians can be influenced by the presence of a well-known author on the board. The person is perceived to be more skilled than his colleague who has not published. All investigators who contributed should be listed, since they qualify for the authorship.

Identifying Unethical Research

Many journals have processes in place to identify researchers that engage in unethical behavior. If you are caught, your manuscript may be rejected.

Editorial Review of Research Reports

If the paper is to be used for editorial review, the authors should be prepared to retain the raw data for a reasonable time after publication. An author should not publish manuscripts that are the same in more than one journal. Submitting the same manuscript to more than one journal is unethical publishing behavior.

An author should not submit a paper that has been published before. The author should only be allowed to give out grants if they have made a significant contribution to the conception, design, execution, or interpretation of the study. All those who have made significant contributions should be listed.

There are people who have participated in certain aspects of the research project who should be acknowledged. The corresponding author should make sure that all co-authors have seen and approved the final version of the paper and agree to submit for publication. Peer review can help the editor in making editorial decisions and the author in improving the paper.

Peer review is an essential component of formal scholarly communication. IJAR agrees with the view that scholars who wish to contribute to publications have an obligation to do a fair share of reviewing. If a referee feels unqualified to review a research report, he should inform the editor and excuse himself from the review process.

The Enago Research Collaboration and Evaluation (COPE)

The growth of COPE began in 1997 and was culminated in October 2007, when the charity was established in the United Kingdom. It is funded by the subscription fees of its members, which include journal editors, publishers and other members of the academic publishing community. The tools and services provided to its members are highly valued, as COPE approaches its 20th anniversary.

The COPE guidelines and codes of best practice are imported into the internal guidelines of many publishing houses. The COPE website shows that members have called on the officers and fellow members for support in the resolution of author disputes. The Code of Conduct for Journal Editors is a Code of Conduct that the COPE constitution requires members to follow, but it is not an enforcement authority.

The Council Members of the COPE have no legal authority of reputation behalf of their members. The institutions who employ the authors are required to resolve any formal disputes with the journals. The knowledge arm of Enago, Enago Academy, offers up-to-date resources for students, researchers, editors, publishers, and academic societies.

COPE Guidelines for Investigating Unethical Practices in Publication

OUP works closely with editors and publishing partners to take a firm stance against unethical practices such as ghost, guest, and gift authorship. The COPE guidelines will be followed when investigating any allegation of ghost, guest, or gift authorship. The authors in question will be removed from the article if they are identified as having practices that are questionable.

The journal can choose to inform the ethics committee for the authors in question. Plagiarism is the use of text, data, figures, or images without permission. All allegations of plagiarism are thoroughly investigated.

Many journals now run submitted papers through plagiarism detection. Journals will usually state how they use such software in their submission guidelines. Editors are required to remove themselves from individual manuscripts if they have a conflict of interest and to avoid creating potential conflicts of interest through assignment of handling editors or peer reviewers.

Policies for Editorial Boards

Different disciplines have different expectations. When authors cross over to other disciplines, make sure they know the explicit policies of the journal in order to manage their expectations. There are no universally agreed rules.

Why Research Ethics Matter

There are several reasons why ethical guidelines are important in research. First, the aims of research are promoted by the norms. The truth and minimize error are promoted by prohibitions against fabrication, faking, or misrepresenting research data.

A strong work ethic is important for being successful in your career. Discipline and hard work are ideals of work ethic. Good work ethic can be created by forming good habits such as focusing, staying motivated, and finishing tasks immediately.

Reporting Bias in Scientific Research

When results from scientific research are deliberately not fully or accurately reported, it's called reporting bias. The findings are not valid because they have been skewed by bias during the analysis or writing stages.

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