What Is Music Used For In Africa?
- Call-and Response in African Music
- Music and Dance in African Cultures
- The Master Drummer in a Traditional African Dance
- Griots and the Balafon
- The music of the Gogo
- The Rise and Fall of Traditional Music in Africa
- The Festival Au Desert: A Musical Instrument of African Origin
- The Music of the Gods: A Comparison between Traditional and Modern African Songs
- Interlocking Technique in the Very Fast Mangwilo Xylphonic Music
- The Djembe in West Africa
- The African Slit Drum
- The Musical Origins of African Music Instrument
- The Queen of Amapiano
- The udu: A Classical Instrument
- The pulse of a culture
- Polyphony in Popular Music from Africa
- The Traditional Music of Ethiopia
- The percussion group of musical instruments
- Mkito: Music for Free
Call-and Response in African Music
African music is called-and-response because one voice or instrument plays a short melodic phrase and another voice or instrument echoes it. The call-and-response nature extends to the rhythm, where one drum will play a pattern echoed by another. African music is very unpredictable.
A core pattern is typically played by drummers, with new patterns being created over the static original patterns. The ancient Near East and Egypt are both located in North Africa, which has strong ties to the ancient Greek and Roman cultures. Carthage was ruled by Romans and Vandals after it fell under Persian rule.
The Maghreb of the Arab world was conquered by the Arabs. Sub-Saharan musical tradition is similar to Southern, Central and West Africa. They have influences from the Muslim regions of Africa and the Americas in the modern era.
A wide array of musical instruments are also used. African musical instruments include a wide range of instruments such as drums, slit gongs, rattles and double bells, different types of harps, and fiddles, many kinds of xylophone and lamellophone. The oud and Ngoni are used as musical accompaniment in some areas.
Music and Dance in African Cultures
Music and dance are often used in African cultures, even though they are not the same thing. Classical, pop, rock, hip-hop, country and folk are some of the types of music that can be described as music. A type of physical activity that involves swaying or stepping is called dance.
The Master Drummer in a Traditional African Dance
African culture is influenced by music and dance. They used to be a good way to communicate with workers in the fields or other villages. The music can vary greatly throughout Africa but has the same purpose.
Music is used to show the importance of human life and to support the sense of community. Large groups in villages perform music and dance. The music played by the drum groups is very complex.
The rhythms are passed on through aural tradition. The master drummer is the most elaborate part and is the one who leads the drum ensemble and plays solo. The leader gives the drummers musical instructions.
Griots and the Balafon
Due to the regional separation of West Africa, traditional West African music can be categorized into two different categories: Islamic and indigenous secular. The introduction of camels to trade routes between the North of Africa and Sub-Saharan West Africa helped to spread Islam in West Africa. Islam-inspired West African music often includes the use of stringed instruments like the goje, while more secular traditional West African music often uses drums.
Griots, also known as 'wandering musicians', are often a major part of the distribution of music throughout West Africa, as their purpose is to spread oral tradition through musical stories. The role of griots is important in preserving smaller groups' cultures. The balafon is a musical instrument that is similar to the xylophone.
The balafon is a member of the idiophone family of instruments and is used by many Griots. The sound of the music is similar to that of human voices. The balafon can be used for political commentary, replacing lyrics with tones.
The music of the Gogo
African music has undergone a lot of changes over the centuries. Traditional music is probably different from African music. African music has not been linked to specific ethnic groups.
The individual musician has always been an important part of the musical scene. Changes in the ecology of the continent drove people into other lands, which resulted in changes in their art. Populations shifted southward with the drying of the Sahara.
The Rise and Fall of Traditional Music in Africa
Traditional music in Africa has been on a steep decline for many years. African musicians prefer to mimic American and European trends in order to be commercially successful. Although some are effective in marrying African sounds and Western styles, many in the industry believe that a bigger effort should be made to preserve the musical traditions on the continent, which are time and again credited as the progenitors of modern music, especially in the US.
The Festival Au Desert: A Musical Instrument of African Origin
African music is a form of art that is closely related to dance, gesture and dramatization. Songs are used for religious ceremonies and rituals, to teach and give guidance, to tell stories, to mark the stages of life and death, and to provide political guidance or express discontent in African life. It is used in ceremonial festivals and masquerades to work up fervor from the spectators and participants alike.
The event is dynamic because of the singing, dancing and playing of African musical instruments. The impact of music is more than the beauty of it; it's the function that matters. Performances can be long and involve the audience in some way, and often involve a particular dance.
There are some African musical instruments that are different in shape and form in different countries, but still have the same basic form. Instruments have not changed much since they were first recorded. Africans have strong beliefs about the spirit of an instrument and the status of an instrument.
The community holds the instrument's carver in high regard. African musical instruments are carved into shapes, covered with patterns and decorated with feathers, beads, and cloth. The musician can use figures to filter the messages of the ancestors.
The earliest scenes of African music are described in the painting below, which is from the Saharan green cultures. It is believed to be one of the oldest testimonies to music and dance in Africa and wasaid to have happened during the s er Neolithic hunters. African singers use a lot of sounds, not all of them are appealing to the ear.
The Music of the Gods: A Comparison between Traditional and Modern African Songs
Songs and instrumental forms are created by ancestral spirits and gods. The scale and intensity of expressions related to ancestral spirits are different from perspective to perspective. Some societies emphasize the spiritual and behavioral aspects of ancestors in the performance of rain rites, while others focus on the philosophy of the ancestors.
In special festivals involving displays of ancestral masks and dramatic enactments, the triumph of life over death is indicated by the presence of the dead. Music and ritual are used by some centralized traditional states. Special functions related to worship or a ritual occasion are usually included in sacred song repertoires.
Songs are sung for the opening and closing of worship, and others precede, follow, or link with different phases of a ritual occasion. Changes in the mood of worship can be effected through variations in form and singing style, as well as the occasional use of spoken verse, and getting in and out of trance can be aided by particular songs. Group singing is usually led by cantors, who may not be priests or priest-mediums.
Special chants that require mastery of particular vocal techniques and are performed by specialists in the religious community are available. In some societies the songs of public worship are performed by a select group of singers who are well versed in the tradition. Instruments that can play complex melodic and rhythmic patterns are treated as an instrument that can stand on their own in an ensemble.
They may be assigned a limited amount of pieces that are specific to their materials and style, so that they can be linked to various songs, movement, and dance. The instrumental ensemble is the one that provides the required energy levels for movement expression and spirit possession. Coded sounds are not always played as independent sound events.
Interlocking Technique in the Very Fast Mangwilo Xylphonic Music
The interlocking technique is used in the very fast mangwilo xylophone music. Each musician interlocks with the right hand only in some compositions. The left hands are playing different rhythms.
The Djembe in West Africa
Musical traditions are traced back to the cultures themselves. West African music is more melodic and more rhythmically structured than Western music, and it adds colour and life to the culture. The djembe is close to becoming a percussion instrument.
It is being recorded professionally. It is very common in West African countries, however it is not well known outside of its homeland. English is not a priority when it comes to the players of the djembe, the mother tongue is often Mandinka, the other African languages are Fula, Wolof and Soninke, and French is also spoken.
The djembe is thought to have descended from thenumu, Mandinka and Susu blacksmiths, who are believed to have held certain powers. The djembe spread throughout the Western region of Africa because of the dispersion of the people. The djembe has associated dances and meanings.
The drum family is the most common African instrument. The drums are used to communicate between towns and speak in codes. The talking drums of West Africare renowned for their ability to closely imitate the rhythms and intonations of the spoken word, the more skilled players can reproduce dialogue understood by a knowledgeable audience.
Sending the messages along can be done for miles. The sabar drum is used in the rhythm section of the mbalax, a traditional Senegalese music. It is based in Nigerian Yoruba culture and is called Afro-Beat.
The African Slit Drum
There are many stringed instruments, ranging from the simple mouth bow to more complex varieties of zithers, harps, and lyres. Each society tends to specialize in a limited amount of resources, and there is a wide variety from region to region. The endingidi spike fiddle of Uganda, the malipenga kazoos of Tanzania and Malawi, and the ramkie and segankuru of South Africa are some of the new hybrid varieties that emerged in the 20th century.
The slit drum is the largest and most distinctive member of the African struck-idiophone family, and it is made from a log. The instrument may be tuning so as to yield as many as four distinct pitches by careful thinning of the flanks. West and central African slit drums are used for a variety of purposes, including transmission of messages.
The Musical Origins of African Music Instrument
The five main categories of African music instruments are aerophones, membranophones, idiophones, and percussion. Aerophones are wind instruments with strings, while idiophones are instruments that can be rattled or shaken, and membranophones are drums. The thumb piano is an instrument that is indigenous to Zimbabwe's Shona tribe.
It is one of the idiophone instruments that was used all over the world. Some have as little as 6 keys, and others have as many as 36. It is played by plucking the metal tines from the hands and placing it on the palms.
The Kora is a traditional African instrument with a calabash covered in skin with 21 strings. The strings are plucked with fingers. The Algaita is a West African music instrument that is used in jazz recordings.
The Hausa tribe of Nigeria made a wind instrument that has four finger holes instead of keys. It is the same as the flute. The djembe is the most versatile drums because of its ability to produce different sounds.
The djembe was not allowed to be played by women because the men left many other percussion instruments. The Akoting is a traditional African instrument that paved the way for the modern banjo. The Jola community can be found in several countries, including the countries of the Akoting.
The Queen of Amapiano
A number of prominent strands are now distinguishable. Private school amapiano is more vocal and more soul than the rawer version of Dust or street amapiano. The amapiano sound that emerged from Pretoria is upbeat and experimental, and a newer type of techno that incorporates the kick in its compositions is picking up steam.
Amapiano became more than just music as the sound grew, it was an expression and validation of a way of life. The male-dominated genre gave birth to a number of figures synonymous with the domain, such as dancer and MC Kamo Mphela, whose social media popularity catapulted her to instant fame. Sha, affectionately known as the 'Queen of Amapiano', as well as MCs and social media stars Mbali and Dimpi Dimpopo, are widely regarded as the unofficial ambassadors of the genre.
The udu: A Classical Instrument
The udu is a centuries-old instrument played by the women of southeastern Nigeriand is made of clay. The player makes a liquidy, water droplets sound when they hit it. Listen here.
The pulse of a culture
The pulse of a culture is made visible through the instruments it produces and plays, through its throbbing percussions, and through the off-beats that it ultimately produces.
Polyphony in Popular Music from Africa
Polyphony is a characteristic of Western music, but it is not the same as the playing of polyrhythms in Sub-Saharan music. Over time, several unique instruments have evolved to facilitate the playing of contrasting rhythms. African popular music is a wide variety.
The Traditional Music of Ethiopia
The contribution of renowned vocalists is what distinguishes the traditional music of Ethiopia. The masinko, the washint, the begena, the kebero, and the tom-tom are some of the instruments that are used. The traditional tunes of Ethiopia are accompanied by the kebero.
The drum adds to the music, which is not as interesting to listen to without it. The traditional music of Sudan and Eritrea uses the double-headed kebero drum. A piece of animal hide is stretched over the end of the instrument.
The kebero is used in both secular and Orthodox Christian celebrations. The various tribes and ethnic groups of Ethiopia have their own distinct cultures and traditions. According to some analysists, the dances are not divided according to function but according to their unique and individual nature.
There are over 150 dance movements in Ethiopia. The Tigrayans to the north have a dance routine that is circular and has shoulder and neck movements. The Amharas at the centre of the country have a dance style that is dominated by upper body and neck movements.
The Oromos at the centre and south have a full-bodied dance routine. The Gurages have a dance that requires coordination of arms, legs and body. The people of the South Region have very attractive belly dances that are very popular throughout the nation.
The percussion group of musical instruments
The percussion group of musical instruments rely on the drums. They are usually played with one or two sticks and with the hand. Depending on the class of drum and the sound expected, different sticks can be used.
Mkito: Music for Free
The company was founded in the year of 2014). Users can download most of the music for free, but 10% of it will require payment. Before a track is played, ads are supported by Mkito. Artists promoting the platform have helped to make the platform over 300 000 unique viewers and 35 000 regular users.